Zhejiang Architectural Design Research Institute and Architecture Studio will jointly complete the Zhejiang new landmark project-Zhejiang Zhijiang Cultural Center
Jiangnan is an integral part of Chinese culture. In the long history of development, Zhejiang has become a province flourishing in both economy and culture. The long history has nurtured a culture of great splendor and the diversified landforms which have created unique local landscapes.
In memory of Jiangnan (south of Yangtze River), where there are sceneries we have been familiar with. At sunrise riverside flowers more red than fire, in spring green river waves grow as blue as sapphire.
As the key features of the sceneries in Jiangnan, the surrounding mountains and green waters are the initial images of creative concetpion for this project. Zhejiang has complicated landforms with mountains and rivers. The mountain stretches and gurgling waters create a striking contrast while mingle with each other. This is where the inspiration of this scheme comes from.
The base of this project is located in the central area of Zhijiang New Town, which is near the mountains and by the rivers, and connected with the riverside area by the Zhijiang Bridge. Zhijiang Cultural Center is the leading project of cultural infrastructure construction in the “13th Five-Year Plan” of Zhejiang Province. From the urban planning, it forms a cultural axis with X-13 plot and polar ocean park, leading to the Qiantang River bank. Meanwhile, it forms three cultural clusters with Yichuang Town and Yunqi Town. Taking Xiangshan Campus of China Academy of Fine Arts and Zhejiang Conservatory of Music as the fulcrum, it will radiate the whole Zhijiang Plate and become an influential cultural cluster in Zhejiang and even in the world. The G20 summit in 2016 has greatly enhanced Hangzhou’s international status, and the 2022 Asian games is another opportunity for international development. Zhijiang Cultural Center will also show its charms to the world in these opportunities.
“Landscape spirit” is the essence of Jiangnan culture, and has been deeply rooted in the heart of every people in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. We also hope that this culture can be perfectly reflected in the design.
In the design, we consider the entire project as a whole but with distinct boundaries for each functional area. In the layout, four parts are cut out from the whole to serve both as urban open spaces and the main squares leading to the culture center from the outside. The middle part will function as a central culture park. In this way, a space with a smooth communication between the outside and the inside will be formed to reflect the openness of this project. Except for gathering and evacuation, the squares may be used for outdoor performances, leisure and entertainment, and outdoor shows as well.
Our core strategy is to create such a harmonious entirety. The four major venues will be laid out along the edges of the site in a balanced way to form a dialogue with each other, and every interface is open to the city. The courtyard thus formed will not only serve as a continuation of the sense of courtyard of Jiangnan buildings but also meet the needs of the cultural lives of the citizens for modern public spaces.
Zhijiang Culture Center mainly contains new Zhejiang Provincial Museum, new Provincial Library, Provincial Intangible Cultural Heritage Museum, Provincial Literature Museum, and public service center. Among which, the public service center will be set up completely underground, saving a significant ground space for landscapes. The planning design of modern buildings must be a harmonious and oragnic integrity of buildings and landscapes.
Provincial New Museum
The provincial new museum is located in the southwest part of the plot, which is not only considered spatial relationship of the base, but also due to its limited requirements for natural light. Therefore, urban buildings on the southwest will brought the minimum blocking influences. The building modeling adopts volume combination, real and virtual mixture, disordered roof and other methods. In order to adapt to the harmony of the whole cultural center, the processing of vertical slits is used on the facade blocks for the buildings with large size. These slits connect the building with reduced volume, either solid or virtaul, and meet the different internal needs of functional space size. The building appearance is mainly made of light gray and white stone, with a small number of cloth windows besides the office area. The combination of large area walls and small windows is the memory of Jiangnan architecture, and wooden window frames and window lattices enrich the temperature of these memories.
Provincial New Library
Located in the north of the plot, the provincial new library faces the museum from afar with the central park in between. Such a layout provides much of the south façade of the library with sufficient light, while the light-less part in the north can be used for the stacks. The overall modeling of the library adopts the method of block cutting and the combination of virtual and real. Different from the facades of other venues, its facade is arranged and assembled according to certain modulus, and many external windows of different sizes are designed to form a unique facade texture. Some large glass facades and retreated spaces are designed in the facade texture, which not only activate the facade form, but also introduce a large number of natural light, satisfying the different functional needs on reading area, activity room and rest room. The roof adopts dark gray metal, tilted over high and low buildings, as if to see the skyline of Jiangnan waterfront again.
Provincial Intangible Cultural Heritage Museum
Provincial Intangible Cultural Heritage Museum is laid out along the east short edge of the base, which is an important node of the cultural axis. Because of its rich contents and powerful functions, its shape is also special. The design seeks inspiration from the traditional buildings in the south of the Yangtze River and the sculptures in the west, to achieve harmony and unity with the natural environment, the humanistic environment and the modern aesthetic concept. Facing one side of the central park, a multi-level outdoor platform is designed to extend to the roof garden. The greening landscape is introduced to the greatest extent, which is not only the expansion of indoor space, but also the continuation of the landscape of the central park. The facade facing the urban roads opens the most important distinct exhibition area directly to the outdoor public through the glass curtain wall similar to the window–the central hall, ancient stage exhibition area and ship model exhibition area. therefore, we can see that the precious cultural heritage has not been lost, and the excellent cultural heritage is still being inherited and carried forward.
Provincial Literature Museum
Literature Museum is arranged along the short edge of the base, and located in the quiet area of the northwest, close to the urban green belt with a relative independence for researches and creations. The significance of the building is also to care for the next generation, and an interactive area for children’s literature is designed close to the library. Open platforms and courtyards are designed in the interior space of the building, forming layer upon layer outdoor platforms, extending to the top garden facing the side of the central park, forming a huge landscape view window, and enriching the fifth elevation of the building. Point window texture is added to the facade of the building, which is compact and with great charming. Facade materials mainly adopt the stone wall and glass curtain wall, supplemented by wood texture pane ornament. Green tiles and black bricks towards the sky, and make people feel soft beating heart under the solid building.
In brief, the construction of Zhijiang Culture Center is an important step in Zhejiang’s endeavor of becoming a province with a powerful culture. It is not only a landmark building but also a fusion of tradition and modernization. In the design, we follow the concept of building a well-organized, dynamic and open space environment to form an organic building cluster with a rational layout and pleasant dimensions in the planning area. On this ancient and dynamic land, the center will serveas a modern and complex culture space connecting the past, present and future and combining the nature, humanity, art, and ecology.