Xichong of Dapeng Peninsula is located at the easternmost point of Shenzhen, with 5 kilometers of coastline. The beach is as elegant and comfortable as satin. The scenery of mountains, seas, lakes and headlands here is beautiful. The scenery of Yuebanwan is beautiful, and the color of sea and sky is the same. It is known as one of the most beautiful seascape in Shenzhen. There are mountains and the sea of tranquility, the ease of wind waves, a starry romance. The project is located in the village of Xichong community, about 700 meters away from the beach of Xichong. There are homestays in nearby villages, surrounded by lush forests, mountains and pleasant island scenery.
1.场地回应 Site Response
The design concept originates from the thinking of the relationship between the building and the surrounding mountain and sea environment. We wanted to positively respond to the site’s characteristics with a light volume and flowing space. Create a kind of elegant natural, comfortable and relaxed space experience, and express the free and romantic spirit of life beyond nature.
The project planning site is selected in an open space, the land area of 8409㎡, building area of 1886㎡, building height limit of 12 meters. The red line of the site is irregular. The west side is the main traffic road of the area, and the direction of tourists and traffic flow comes from the road on the northwest side. The ramble on the south side is the only way to Xichong Beach, so the site forms an important spatial node for the gathering of visitors. The overall layout of the building is a relatively complete volume, adapted to the streamlined outline of the red line boundary. The building is arranged in the middle of the site, with the north facade as the main surface to greet the north flow of people. Open landscape squares are set aside on the north and south sides to facilitate gathering, evacuation and guide the flow of people.
2.功能空间 Function Space
The building consists of two floors, the first floor is an open service area, including foyer, ticketing, business, consultation, exhibition, rest, reception, public toilet and auxiliary functions. The second floor is for tourist leisure area, training service, management office, conference and other functions. The entrance hall is partially double-height, and the streamlined double-height atrium is connected by a spiral staircase, emphasizing the fluidity of the upper and lower Spaces. The tourists’ leisure area on the second floor offers excellent views of mountains and forests. You can enjoy coffee and refreshments here, listen to music with headphones, and enjoy the beautiful blue sky. Then you can experience a comfortable leisure life.
The design places public restrooms on the east side of the building. Considering the convenience of the use and management of a large number of people, an open waiting space and an independent entrance are set up. Combined with the large circular hole on the roof and the reserved tree, an identifiable public entrance space is formed. The low gray space under the board also provides shelter for tourists to rest and wait.
3.形态特征 Form Character
The visitor service center should not only meet the requirements of infrastructure services and management functions, but also establish unique regional and cultural identification characteristics from the image. According to the characteristics of coastal architecture, we take the roof as an important expression element of architectural form. Meanwhile, we take the mountain shapes and sea waves around the site as the deductive logic of architectural form, refine and abstract them to form a geometric form language, and form an elegant, cascading and stretching horizontal roof.
The diversity of functions inside the building and the public openness of the space make the roof form take on an overall shape, which fluctuates and changes in different directions. At the same time, it reflects the consistency and integrity of the changing form of floating roof and the internal functional space. Side Windows with splintered roof openings look out on the mountains. The internal space under the thin roof is rich, the upper and lower, inside and outside space permeates and flows; The space under the deep eaves of the roof also provides shelter for the public. On the whole, the exterior of the building presents a changing and flowing form, creating a sense of lightness, like a boat, a leaf, or a sea wave. It echoes the surrounding mountains, sea and woods, not only blending into the surrounding environment, but also forming a landmark architectural image of the area.
4.结构逻辑 The Logical Structure
The main body of the building is made of steel and concrete. To accentuate the building’s lightweight volume, the roof is in the form of cast-in-place beam slabs with high variable section and 300-thick concrete slabs. The exterior walls are glazed. At the same time, in order to more purely reflect the interior space of the floating board of the roof, all the lighting equipment pipelines are reserved to arrange the floor and side walls. Diffuse reflection curved roof panels of indoor lighting further truly and powerfully reflect the formal logic of the building from the outside to the inside, so as to express the elegant and smart space spirit.
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